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Opinion: Saccarappa Agreement a bad deal for fish and ecosystems
Opinion: Saccarappa Agreement a bad deal for fish and ecosystems
Re: Saccarappa Agreement (SA) Impact to Town of Gorham, Maine
For presentation to Windham Town Council

SA impact to Presumpscot River
Tuesday, September 5, 2017

My name is Roger Wheeler. Thank you for the time to address this
council. I am a director of the Friends of Sebago Lake (FOSL). I am
here to provide some information covering the impacts of a private
agreement between SAPPI, the City of Westbrook, Maine
Department of Marine Resources, Maine Inland Fish and Wildlife,
United States Fish and Wildlife and two organizations with lower
Presumpscot River interests. This agreement if approved will
destroy the opportunity to resurrect one of Maine’s historical finest
sea run fisheries here on the Presumpscot River and Sebago Lake.
The SA is an unfortunate spoiler of a great potential economic
resource for the region. The Town of Gorham has considerable
acreage bordering the Presumpscot River from above the Gambo
dam to the RT. 35 bridge and would be denied here these valuable
fish and the ecosystems they create.

Background:

Since 2002 FOSL efforts have included work and funding to help
restore the natural sea run fishery that once existed in the
Presumpscot River watershed before colonial times and during
periods of time up to the early 1900’s. From our research of primary
historical documents it is now accepted by government agencies
and the highest court in the land that the sea run salmon and other
anadromous fish had unimpeded access from Casco Bay to Sebago
Lake. In the late1800’s fishways on all the dams brought about sea
run fish restoration and a resulting key economic boon to the entire
Presumpscot River drainage. This positive economic impact was
stated by government agencies of the State of Maine and the United
States at the time and in following decades by government fishery
experts.

In 2006, the United States Supreme Court in the case of the State of
Maine vs SAPPI in a 9-0 decision decided that dams on the
Presumpscot River must have fish passage for sea run fish that
historically migrated up this river. Fish passage at Cumberland Mills
in Westbrook was built in 2013 because of this landmark decision.
Saccarappa, Little Falls, Mallison, Gambo, and Dundee Dams under
FERC licenses are all scheduled to have fish passage provided when
sea run fish become present below the dams. Saccarrappa Dam
was scheduled to have fish passage this year but due to discussions
about how best to achieve passage it has been delayed. In 2016
private meetings without public knowledge were held between
SAPPI, the City of Westbrook, Maine DMR, IFW, and USFW and the
two lower river interest groups Friends of Presumpscot River (FOPR)
and Conservation Law Foundation (CLF).

In November of 2016, a private agreement called the Saccarappa
Agreement (SA) was submitted to the Federal Energy Regulatory
Commission (FERC) by Matt Manahan of Pierce Atwood LLP law firm
representing SAPPI. FOSL believes the fish passage terms of this
SA and the lengthy delays are acceptable for Saccarappa Falls given
the complicated nature of restoring fish passage at this Westbrook
vicinity. However, the clause on page 20 of the agreement (see
page 3) which eliminates fish passage at Gambo and Dundee dams
is unacceptable from a fish restoration perspective and it creates an
alarming precedent that U.S. Supreme Court decisions can be cast
aside by private interests in confidential meetings not open for public
input. The opportunity for sea run restoration to the upper
Presumpscot River and its entire watershed would be ended given
the terms of this SA. This SA, before FERC will accept it, has to be
approved by the Maine DEP as a formality which could happen as
early as this Fall. FOSL attends to appeal to the Maine BEP if DEP
should approve this SA. Our goal is to inform the citizens in this
watershed about this Saccarappa Agreement and what its impact
would be on the future environmental potential of this valuable
resource. We have experience at reading and understanding these
corporate submissions to the FERC but the sudden, and nebulous
nature of this agreement which is cloaked in confidentiality legalities
caught us by surprise and was difficult for us to understand clearly at
first. Many of our questions to the agencies and groups involved go
unanswered or when answered make no legal or scientific sense.

We encourage the Town of Gorham and its citizens to understand
from an ecosystem and economic perspective the potential losses to
the waters of the entire Presumpscot River watershed above Gambo
Dam should this agreement become law. We encourage the council
and citizens of Gorham to support the 2006 US Supreme Court
decision and the adherence to the present FERC licenses for all
Presumpscot River dams.

Roger Wheeler
27 Long Point Rd.
Standish, Maine 04084
home 642- 1064 cell: 256-7525

FOR THE SACCARAPPA PROJECT (FERC No. 2897) LICENSE
SURRENDER
NOVEMBER 15, 2016

By and Between: S.D. Warren Company, U.S. Department of the Interior and
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Maine Department of Marine Resources,
Conservation Law Foundation, Friends of the Presumpscot River, City of
Westbrook, Maine

page 20
"2.2.3 Gambo (P-2931) and Dundee (P-2942)
Warren’s New Surrender Application and New MDEP Application will request that
the fish passage requirements in the Gambo and Dundee licenses not apply for the
term of the license and any extensions thereof, and that fish passage at those
projects will not be required by the license amendment orders issued pursuant to
this Settlement Agreement. Given the surrender of the Saccarappa Project license
and the work at the Saccarappa site contemplated by this Settlement Agreement,
the Parties agree that the record before FERC, MDEP, USFWS, and MDMR
supports a finding that, under present circumstances, fish passage at Gambo and
Dundee is not required or appropriate, and that the removal of the Mallison Falls
and Little Falls dams would not change that finding."
page three

Appendix 1
HISTORY OF THE STATE OF MAINE VOL. XV
CONTAINING The Baxter Manuscripts
EDITED By JAMES PHINNEY BAXTER, A. M., Litt. D.
PUBLISHED BY THE MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY, AIDED BY APPROPRIATIONS FROM THE STATE
PORTLAND
LEFAVOR-TOWER COMPANY
1910
Copyright 1910 By The Maine Historical Society

THE publication of the documents in this volume gives an idea of the important part
sustained by the people of Maine in the War of the Revolution, and of the sacrifices
made by them in what must have appeared to the world as an almost hopeless struggle.
It also places in enduring form the names of men worthy of remembrance. I hope to be
able to complete the publication of documents relating to the Revolutionary period
within the next two years
JAMES PHINNEY BAXTER. Mackworth Island, August 10, 1910.

page 70
To the Honourable Council and House of Representatives of the Colony of the Massachusetts
Bay in New England in General Court Assembled

The Petition of the Towns of Cape Elizabeth, Windham, Gorham and Pearsontown in the County
of Cumberland Humbly Shew

That the said Towns lay bordering on Presumscutt River, so called, and for many years after the
Settlement of this Eastern Country were plentifully supply'd with Salmon, Alewives, Shad &
other Sorts of Fish that frequented the said River in great abundance it being peculiarly
commodious for the Spawn & increase of Fish by reason of a large pond called Sebago or
Sebacook which extends upwards of thirty miles from the mouth of the said River as far
as Pondicherry as also the many branches of said River that used to bring a plenty of the
aforesaid Fish near to many of our doors, your Petitioners further shew that by reason of several
Mill Dams being built quite across the said River, without leaving a sluice way for Fish to pass
up, as by Law is directed, and since the said Mill Dams have been erected on the said River the
passage of all kinds of Fish as aforesaid has been totally obstructed & stopped in their course up
said River to the great prejudice of many back Towns which depended (in their Inland state) on
the said River for a part of their support, as Also to the prejudice of all the Inhabitants of the Sea
Coast near the mouth of said River by causing a scarcity of Codfish, Haddock, and many kinds of
Fish that frequent the mouths of such extensive Rivers after a Quantity of small

Bait that abound in such places. And our fishing on the
Banks as well as on our Coast off Shore being in a great
measure impracticable by reason of the Enemy's cruisers that
infest our Coast, reduces us to the necessity of Adopting
some method whereby the Fish may come to us. And the
Laws of this Colony have been found ineffectual hitherto for
the removal of your Petitioners cause of Complaint, Wherefore
your Petitioners pray Your Honours to take the matter
of our Complaint into your consideration and Grant to your
petitioners such relief as in Your great Wisdom & Clemency
You may Judge meet & Your Petitioners as in Duty bound
shall ever pray.— Gorham August 22d 1776

Committee of Cape Elizabeth
George Strout
Harry Dyer

Windham Committee
William Elder
Zerubebell Hunewell
Thomas Trott

Committee of Gorham
William Gorham
Prince Davis
Caleb Chase

Committee of of Pearsontown
Daniel Cram
Jn° Deane
Ephraim Rowe

Appendix 2
• SAMUEL ADAMS SUPPORTS ALEWIVES -- 1785
"Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
In the Year of our Lord, 1785.

"An Act for opening Sluice-ways in the mill-dam or dams which have or may be
erected on Presumpscot River, in the County of Cumberland, and upon any Stream or
Streams which fall into same river.

"WHEREAS it appears to this Court that the people who live in the neighborhood
of Presumpscot River in the County of Cumberland have heretofore, and still may, derive
extensive benefits from the fishery on the said river and streams which fall into the same,
unless prevented by the mill-dams which have or may be erected across the said river and
streams, the increase or even continuance of which unregulated, for any considerable length
of time, must inevitably destroy the annual course of the fish up said river.

"Therefore be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General
Court assembled, and by the Authority of the same, That the Court of General Sessions of
the peace for the said county of Cumberland, be, and they are hereby authorized and
directed, annually to appoint a committee, consisting of three indifferent and discreet
persons within the same county, whose duty it shall be to take effectual care that sufficient
sluice-ways be annually opened in all mill dams erected, or that may be erected across the
said River or Streams, in order that the fish may not be obstructed in their passage up the
same, and that the said sluice-ways be annually kept open during the season in which
Salmon, Shad, and Alewives usually pass up the said River; which committee so appointed
shall be sworn to the faithful discharge of the duties assigned them by this act, before they
proceed to the execution of the same duties.

"And it be further Enacted by the authority foresaid, That where the owner or
owners of any such mill or mills shall neglect or refuse to open or continue open any such
sluice-way or ways in their mill dams respectively, in every such case the said committee,
or any two of them, are hereby authorized and empowered to cause the same to be done as
speedily as may be; and the owner or owners so neglecting or refusing, upon notice given
to them or any of them by the said committee or any two of them for that purpose, shall
forfeit and pay a sum equal to the reasonable expence of opening and continuing open any
such sluice-way or ways, with the addition of fifty percent. Thereto, which forfeiture shall
be recovered by the said committee by action of the case to be by them instituted and
pursued to final judgment and execution in their capacity foresaid.

"And it is further Enacted by the authority aforesaid, That so much of the monies
recovered from time to time as will be sufficient to defray the necessary expences of
opening and continuing open as aforesaid the same sluice-ways, shall by said committee be
applied to the purpose, and the overplus accruing by such forfeitures, the said committee
shall be accountable for to the several incorporated towns herein mentioned.

"And it is further Enacted by the authority aforesaid, That the said committee shall
have such reasonable compensation made them from time to time, for their expences and
services arising and performed pursuant to this act, by the several towns now incorporated
or may be incorporated, in equal proportion, as do or shall stand in the last preceeding state
tax-act, and which towns adjoin the same River, as the said Court may think it proper to
allow; and that if any of the said incorporated towns shall neglect or refuse to pay their
proportion of the sums that may be due to the said committee from time to time, for their
expences and services aforesaid, in every such case, the same committee be, if they see fit,
to recover by legal process the whole sum that may be due to them from any one of the said
towns which shall so neglect or refuse.

"In the House of Representatives, March 14, 1785.
This bill having had three several readings, passed to be Enacted.
Samuel A. Otis Speaker.

In Senate, March 14, 1785.
This bill having had two several readings, passed to be Enacted.
Samuel Adams, President."

Posted on Tuesday, September 5, 2017 (Archive on Tuesday, September 26, 2017)
Posted by Jym St. Pierre   Contributed by Jym St. Pierre
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